Vitamin: A vitamin is one of a group of organic (natural) substances that is present in minute amounts in natural foodstuffs. Vitamins are essential to normal metabolism. Each of Refinne’s vitamins are derived from plant-based sources or isolated in our Atlanta labs. Lab isolation assures sustainability as to not excessively affect the plant population with our expansive production while still preserving plant-based properties.
Vitamin A (as Beta Carotene): Beta-carotene is one of a group of red, orange, and yellow pigments called carotenoids. Beta-carotene and other carotenoids provide approximately 50% of the vitamin A needed in the American diet. Beta-carotene can be found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Vitamin B1 (as Thiamin): Thiamine is required by our bodies to properly use carbohydrates. Some people use thiamine for maintaining a positive mental attitude; enhancing learning abilities; increasing energy; fighting stress; and preventing memory loss, including Alzheimer's disease.
Vitamin B2 (as Riboflavin): People take riboflavin by mouth to prevent low levels of riboflavin (riboflavin deficiency) in the body, for various types of cancer, and for migraine headaches. It is also taken by mouth for acne, muscle cramps, burning feet syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, and blood disorders such as congenital methemoglobinemia and red blood cell aplasia. Some people use riboflavin for eye conditions including eye fatigue, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Vitamin B3 (as Niacin): Niacin is required for the proper function of fats and sugars in the body and to maintain healthy cells. People with poor diet, alcoholism, and some types of slow-growing tumors called carcinoid tumors might be at risk for niacin deficiency.
Vitamin B6 (as Pyridoxal-5-Phosphate): The cofactor involved in the stabilization of amino acids and plays a key role in amino acid metabolism (processing the nutrients in our body). Coenzymes and cofactors are molecules that help an enzyme or protein to function appropriately.
Vitamin B7 (as Biotin): Biotin is an important component of enzymes in the body that break down certain substances like fats, carbohydrates, and others. Biotin is commonly used for hair loss, brittle nails, nerve damage, and many other conditions.
Vitamin B12 (as Methylcobalamin): Vitamin B12 is taken by mouth for memory loss, Alzheimer's disease, to slow aging, and to boost mood, energy, concentration, mental function, and the immune system.
Vitamin C (as Ascorbic Acid): Vitamin C plays an important role in maintaining proper immune function. These days, vitamin C is most commonly used for preventing and treating the common cold.
Vitamin D3 (as Cholecalfciferol): A fat-soluble vitamin that helps your body absorb calcium and phosphorus. Having the right amount of vitamin D, calcium, and phosphorus is important for building and keeping strong bones. Vitamin D is used to treat and prevent bone disorders (such as rickets, osteomalacia, osteoporosis).
Vitamin E (as d-Alpha Tocopherol): Vitamin E is known to be a fat-soluble antioxidant that has the capability to neutralize endogenous free radicals. This biologic action of vitamin E consequently continues to generate ongoing interest and study in whether or not its antioxidant abilities may be used to help assist in preventing or treating a number of different conditions like cardiovascular disease, ocular conditions, diabetes, cancer and more.
L-Glycine: A novel anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and cytoprotective amino acid. Glycine protects against shock caused by hemorrhage, endotoxin and sepsis, prevents ischemia/reperfusion and cold storage/reperfusion injury to a variety of tissues and organs including liver, kidney, heart, intestine and skeletal muscle, and diminishes liver and renal injury caused by hepatic and renal toxicants and drugs.
L-Proline: L-proline is one of the twenty amino acids used in living organisms as the building blocks of proteins. It is an essential component of collagen and is important for proper functioning of joints and tendons.
L-Alanine: An amino acid highly concentrated in muscle and is one of the most important amino acids released by muscle, functioning as a major energy source. Alanine is an important participant as well as a regulator of glucose metabolism. It is an important amino acid for lymphocyte reproduction and immunity.
Hydroxyproline: Hydroxyproline is a neutral heterocyclic protein amino acid. It is found in collagen and as such it is common in many gelatin products. Hydroxyproline is mostly used as a diagnostic marker of bone turnover and liver fibrosis.
Silica (Bamboo Extract): Silica is a mineral found naturally in sandstone, clay, and granite as well as in parts of plants. Helps achieve the smoothie powder consistency.
Chlorella Powder (Chlorella Vulgaris) (whole algae): A type of freshwater green algae.
Coconut Water Powder: Extracted from coconuts and contains easily digested carbohydrates in the form of sugar and electrolytes. Coconut water can help with hydration, diabetes, heart health and more.
Broccoli Extract Powder: A great plant source of vitamins K and C, a good source of folate (folic acid) and also provides potassium, fiber. Vitamin C – builds collagen, which forms body tissue and bone, and helps cuts and wounds heal. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant and protects the body from damaging free radicals.
Chia Seed Powder: Chia seeds come from the desert plant Salvia hispanica, a member of the mint family. Salvia hispanica seed often is sold under its common name "chia" as well as several trademarked names. Its origin is believed to be in Central America where the seed was a staple in the ancient Aztec diet. An excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids, rich in antioxidants, and they provide fiber, iron, and calcium.
Dandelion Extract (root): All parts of the dandelion are edible and have medicinal and culinary uses. It has long been used as a liver tonic and diuretic.
Turmeric Powder (Curcuma Longa) (root): Turmeric is commonly used for conditions involving pain and inflammation, such as osteoarthritis. It is also used for hay fever, depression, high cholesterol, a type of liver disease, and itching. Some people use turmeric for heartburn, thinking and memory skills, inflammatory bowel disease, stress, and many other condition.
Ginger Extract (Zingiber Officinale) (root): Zingiber officinale, commonly known as ginger, is a spice consumed worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes. The plant has a number of chemicals responsible for its medicinal properties, such as antiarthritis, antiinflammatory, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antifungal, anticancer, etc.
Organic Spirulina (Athrospira platensis) (plant): Spirulina is an organism that grows in both fresh and salt water. It is a type of cyanobacteria, which is a family of single-celled microbes that are often referred to as blue-green algae. Just like plants, cyanobacteria can produce energy from sunlight via a process called photosynthesis. Contains protein, B vitamins, iron, and copper.
Alfalfa (Medicago sativa) (leaf): high-quality, long-lasting legume adapted to both hay and grazing. lfalfa has been shown to help lower cholesterol, and may also have benefits for blood sugar control and relieving symptoms of menopause. People also take it for its high content of antioxidants, vitamins C and K, copper, folate and magnesium.
Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Burmannii)(bark): This plant is a member of the genus Cinnamomum and is traditionally used as a spice. Cinnamomum burmannii have been demonstrated to exhibit analgesic, antibacterial, anti-diabetic, anti-fungal, antioxidant, antirheumatic, anti-thrombotic, and anti-tumor activities.
Turmeric Extract (95% Curcuminoids) (root): Turmeric is commonly used for conditions involving pain and inflammation, such as osteoarthritis. It is also used for hay fever, depression, high cholesterol, a type of liver disease, and itching. Some people use turmeric for heartburn, thinking and memory skills, inflammatory bowel disease, stress, and many other condition.
Amylase: Amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars. Begins the digestion process.
Peptidase: Peptidase, also known as protease or proteolytic is an enzyme with a very important role in the hydrolysis of proteins. Hydrolysis is the process of breaking down bigger molecules into smaller parts, in this case from proteins deriving peptides and even smaller units called amino acids.
Alpha-galactosidase: The alpha-galactosidase enzyme can help digest sugars and fats. When it's missing, complex sugars and fats can easily build up within the gut, and afterwards throughout the body.
Glucoamylase: Glucoamylase (also known as amyloglucosidase or AMG) is an important digestive enzyme that helps us absorb nutrients and create energy from some of the most common plant foods that we eat. It does this by breaking down the starch that occurs naturally in most vegetables that we eat.
Acid maltase: Helps to break down glycogen in the lysosome – cell organ that removes waste.
Cellulase: Cellulase enzymes are very helpful for the human body. First of all, they keep under control sugar blood levels, by converting cellulose into beta-glucose. Also, they preserve an optimal cholesterol level and can also lower cholesterol.
Pectinase: Pectinase is an enzyme that catalyzes the breakdown of pectin, a component of the cell wall in fruits such as apples and oranges.
Protease inhibitors: Protect the protein of interest from degradation.
Lipase: A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats.
Lactase: In individuals who consume milk, lactase is an enzyme that splits the milk sugar lactose, to produce the sugars glucose and galactose. It’s a pretty common instinct to think that it’s not vegan, because it sounds like lactose, and we associate lactose with milk. It can be derived from yeast or bacteria.
Beta-glucanase: Beta-Glucanase represents a group of carbohydrate enzymes which break down glycosidic bonds within beta-glucan. These glucans also create up to 60% of the cell wall of many forms of fungal organisms such as Candida albicans and candidal biofilm (the common experience of candida in the gut).
Invertase: Invertase is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of sucrose into fructose and glucose.
Hemicellulase: The hemicellulase enzyme breaks down hemicellulose, which is a type of cellulose and a key component of the cell wall in all plants.
Beet Root Extract (Beta vulgaris): Plant that is cultivated varieties for their edible taproots. Beetroot (also sometimes referred to as beet) is an excellent source of foliate and a good source of manganese and contains betaines, which are thought to help control high blood pressure and heart disease.
Malic Acid: Malic acid is a substance found naturally in apples and pears. It's considered an alpha-hydroxy acid, a class of natural acids. When applied to the skin, malic acid is said to reduce signs of aging, remove dead skin cells, aid in the treatment of acne, and promote skin hydration.
Stevia: Stevia is a sweetener and sugar substitute derived from the leaves of the plant species Stevia rebaudiana, native to Brazil and Paraguay.
Citric Acid: Occurs naturally in citrus fruits. In biochemistry, it is an intermediate in the citric acid cycle, which occurs in the metabolism of all aerobic organisms.
Silicon Dioxide: A natural compound made of two of the earth's most abundant materials, silicon (Si) and oxygen (O2). Silicon dioxide is most often recognized in the form of quartz. It's found naturally in water, plants, animals, and the earth. Found in green vegetables, beets, peppers, brown rice, and oats.
Enzyme Blend: Proprietary mix of plant-derived enzymes.
Refinne is a distinguished plant-based skincare collection supporting accomplished women. Founded by Dr. Jennifer Edwards, we are the premier branded marketer of carefully curated plant-based skincare products. Every one of your purchases helps to educate girls from marginalized communities worldwide. Representation matters.
 Refinne Apothecary Sources: Medical News Today, WebMD.com
 Science Direct
 Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care. 2003 Mar;6(2):229-40.
 US National Library of Medicine, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/L-Proline;
 US National Library of Medicine, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/L-Alanine
 US National Library of Medicine, https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Hydroxyproline
 Science Direct
 Medical News Today
 Science Direct
 Science Direct
 US National Library of Medicine, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3459454/
 World of Enzymes
 Global Healing Center
 World of Enzymes
 Science Buddies
 Global Healing Center
 Science Direct
 Very Well Health